An Idea About English Literature

ExamAs you may know, I was a teacher long before I put pen to paper (or fingers to keyboard) to write novels. Although I taught in primaries, since giving up the day job, I’ve done one afternoon a week at Lambeth Academy as part of my work with First Story. Working with older students, talking to teachers, and seeing recent exam papers has got me thinking about the way we teach English in schools and how many pupils fail to engage with the subject. Recently an idea has been brewing in my head, a way to ensure that young people leave school with the skills they need. I honestly can’t decide if it’s a good idea or if I’m a ‘swivel eyed loon’, so I thought I’d share here. Basically this is one of those ‘if I was in charge of education for a day’ posts. (At least I’ve worked in schools, our actual Education Minister can’t say the same).

For the most part, I’d leave primary education alone. I’d obviously get rid of phonics testing in Year One, but so would anyone. The English curriculum is divided, at primary level, into reading, writing and speaking & listening. These are assessed in each child. My proposed changes kick in at high school level. In the UK, all pupils sit examinations in English Language and English Literature, although the existing National Curriculum (about to undergo a major change) is still divided into reading, writing and speaking & listening.

It was when helping some Year 12 students prepare for their English resits that I realised the current system isn’t relevant to all pupils. When I was at school, I loved books and reading so never really considered how heartbreaking a compulsory English exam must be, how soul destroying, for young people who don’t enjoy reading. A huge number of young people loathe reading and do not do it for pleasure. Why are we forcing them?

I wonder if we could change the system to suit everyone. What if the English Literature part of the curriculum was an elective subject – an ‘option’ at Year 9? Art, drama and music are all ‘options’, yet literature (an art form the last time I checked) is thrust upon all young people regardless of their passion or talent in this medium.

I’d propose, alongside ‘English Literature’, a compulsory new subject called ‘Communication’. This would contain elements of the existing English Language and Speaking & Listening syllabus. This subject would contain essentials that grown ups need to get by in the workplace and society (‘making a positive contribution’ is what the curriculum wants). I hated Maths because I felt a lot of it wasn’t relevant for my life. I was right. I suspect kids who hate English feel very much the same way about the Brontes.

‘Communication’ would include: debate; forming arguments; turn-taking (you’d be surprised); interview skills; report writing; formal letter writing; standard and non-standard English; dialect; grammar; spelling; conversation; drama; listening and responding; critical thinking skills; problem solving…basically key skills any employer would look for. That sounds really dry in a list, but think of a module in which young people¬† had to study the conflict in the Middle East or something: looking at bias in print and TV journalism, debating the pros and cons of the conflict and writing both sides of the argument. It doesn’t HAVE to be dry. Don’t forget those who did love books and reading would still be able to opt for Literature too.

This is controversial, BUT isn’t THAT far off what’s actually happening. Unless you are at school or have kids currently sitting exams you might not be aware that not ALL pupils sit Literature as it is. In fact, only more able, ‘High Band Jesson pupils’, who achieve well in a Year 10 English Language exam will even go on to sit an English Literature test in Year 11. Less able pupils, the charmingly labelled ‘Low Band Jesson’ pupils will sit a single exam: GCSE English, which is basically English Language (with some Lit elements in their coursework). At least with my proposal, any young person who enjoyed reading and creative writing would be able to sit English Lit. Everyone should have access to literature, or you end up in a Waste Land situation with some parts of society being excluded.

I’m sure there will be people reading this who think that we should force all young people to read. I agree. Being able to read is vital. What I’m saying is, novels and poems might not be. I know, an author just said that. Of course we love books! I suspect a lot of people reading this will be authors, readers and bloggers – but what if you didn’t? Would you want to do something you hated every single day? I suspect there will be people saying I’m suggesting an elitist two-tier system, but it’s certainly no more elitist than the one that already exists. If anything, it’s fairer, because EVERYONE would have to sit the ‘Communication’ qualification. Not only pupils who have been read to since the womb, brought up surrounded by books at home, or with access to libraries could excel at this subject.

You can see for yourself how baffling the current system is. I think employers would appreciate a simpler qualification too, and understand the transferable skills it brings with it. At the moment, a poor grade in English equates to ‘I’m not too hot at reading comprehension tests or describing a park by night with florid similes’, but are employers aware of this? Probably not.

There is a potential flaw. What if there’s a pupil who hates, hates, hates reading until that one fateful day in English when their teacher strolls in with To Kill A Mockingbird and then they love books forever. Well yes, that might happen, but if they’re a ‘Low Band’ pupil they might not find themselves in that situation as it is. Remember, in my idea, they would only ‘drop’ Literature at Year 10 – I think that’s plenty of time for a young person to decide if they love reading and creative writing.

Perhaps if we weren’t forcing sixteen year-olds from Brixton to read Austen, beating the love of reading out of them with a list of core texts that’s barely changed in fifty years, they would find their way to reading in their own time. SPOILER: There’s not a lot of Cassandra Clare, John Green or manga on the list, you guys. My brother-in-law only reads sporting autobiographies, and what’s wrong with that? We need all young people to read, we don’t need them to read Keats. There is a place for creative writing and literary criticism, but it’s not appropriate for all young people.

Clearly no one is actually asking for my opinion, but with the curriculum about to change into something hotly contested, now is the time for discussion about English. Michael Gove, the current education secretary, seems rosy eyed about his own education and many of the changes seem to look backward rather than forward. I understand my idea is a little radical, but at least it offers something new. Something new is needed because too many young people are leaving school without ‘English’, but I wonder how many of them would succeed at ‘Communication’.


PHBC1: Trick Or Treat by Richie Tankersley Cusick

Trick or TreatWhat’s it all about?

Martha Stevenson, an angsty Chicago teen who makes Bella Swan look positively cheerful, is relocated to small-town USA when her recently bereaved father remarries (so fast, it’s a wonder no -one mentions the possibility of overlap).

Martha’s sour disposition doesn’t improve when she discovers her new home is the local murder house AND she bears an ‘uncanny resemblance’ to the girl who was killed in her new bedroom. She’s barely hard time to complain about her stepmum’s cooking when she starts getting creepy phone calls, people lurking in her cupboard and hanging effigies outside her window.

The murderer, DENNIS (yes, I’m seeing Liz Lemon’s ex boyfriend too), was never found – is he back to claim his dead girlfriend once again?



The Girl

Martha is, by turns, miserable or hysterical. She takes particular issue with the perfectly pleasant Conor, her new half-brother. I think the following gif best sums up Martha’s disposition. She’s hardly described, but is said to have ‘bouncy blond hair’, so I think Elizabeth Berkeley is a fair casting choice.







The Love Interest

Now this is where it gets weird. RTC presents not one, not two but THREE hot guys for Martha to fall for. Proper YA love square territory over a decade before Twilight, you guys. Bizarrely, for much of the novel step-brother Conor is set up to be the main love interest. He gets this description:

‘The square jaw and the way his mouth was always set – like he might be speculating over something – except the corners lifted slightly in a secret sort of amusement. The deep set eyes – so cool and steady and piercingly blue beneath low brows. He was tall and slender, but his shoulders were broad, and tonight he was wearing jeans and a bulky sweater, those strong shoulders hunched against the chilly night air. His hair was thick and always looked windswept, burnished gold and tousled across his shoulders.’

So we can only imagine he looks a bit like this:


Please feel free to draw your own Conor designs too. Don’t forget the shoulders – I sense they’re very important to the author. However, as Martha hates Conor with an irrational rage I usually reserve for high street charity workers, she instead saves all her manners for high school star Blake Chambers AND his suave guidance counsellor cousin, Greg. She’s quite nice to both of these men. Poor Conor.

Of course, this being Point Horror, all three are firmly in the frame as the prank caller/prowler.

SPOILERS: This is my biggest issue with the book. CLEARLY Martha is meant to end up with Conor – the sparing hints at all kinds of underlying lust. Getting it on with your step-siblings (or just siblings in some franchises) is fertile YA ground. In the cellar based inferno denouement, Conor and Martha even do a spot of face stroking. I was SURE those kids would get it together.

However, as Blake (with whom Martha shares a literal roll-in-the-hay) ISN’T our stalker, she’s stuck with him at the novel’s end. You kinda hope Blake IS the killer just so Martha and Conor and free to braid each other’s tumbling locks.

I wonder if this will become a trend as we continue our Point Horror journey, but perhaps unlike modern YA, the boys are more developed than Martha is. Blake has real aspirations to get out of town after high school and gets a great sense of humour too – check out this saucy number:

‘She glanced at him, hesitating. “Can I ask you something?”

“Never on a first date.” His eyes met hers with a twinkle.’

Martha, however, is utterly humourless.

Dialogue Disasters:Oh Conor! Please don’t be dead!’

Oh Wynn! You scared me to death!’

Oh Wynn! You scared me again!’

‘Hey gypsy lady, how about a dance?’

‘Martha, my newest and prettiest student, how’s life treating you at dear old Bedford?’ Yes, teachers always say things like this…IF THEY WANT TO GET FIRED.

Body Count: 2

Does it pass the Bechdel test? Yes, Martha is given a friend in the guise of Wynn Chambers, another member of the Chambers clan.

Is it scary? Actually YES. Properly scary. RTC plays cleverly with both horror film staples (Martha has to go into her empty school to fetch a textbook) and basic childhood fears (someone coming out of Martha’s closet – and not in the liberated homosexual way). The only criticism would be that Martha never truly feels in peril.

Did the best friend do it? Erm…

Is it good? YES. A modern reviewer might pick up on the abundance of adverbs. Hell, if I, as a recovering adverb addict, notice, there must be a fair few. There is also the unforgiveable line:

Like invisible leaves blown across the wooden floor by a cold, invisible wind.’ Rather than the warm, visible winds we’re so used to.

But that’s a one off. Otherwise it’s a well written, if unshowy, novel. The only downside to Trick Or Treat is how vile Martha is – one can’t imagine it was the intention to create a character you might quite like to see die. At one point I wondered if Conor HAD taken it upon himself to torture his hilariously uptight sibling for shits and giggles. That would have been pretty good actually.

Martha Stevenson, coming soon to a staff toilet, crying about how everyone in the office hates her and has been giving her evils when no-one else is watching.

Over to you!

Some questions to consider.

1. Is Martha’s attitude towards her new family warranted?

2. If you had to: Conor, Greg or Blake? Why?

3. What (if any) were your scariest moments? Why?

4. Would you describe Martha as empowered? Why?

5. What do you think happens AFTER the novel’s conclusion?

See you here again on 13th June for PHBC 2 – THE BABY-SITTER by RL STINE!